“Typology in the Old Testament”

By Pastor Travis Lauterbach

The Old Testament is a historical record of creation, the fall, and God’s choice of Abraham and his family as the people through whom the Savior of the world would come, and everything that follows thereafter.

In this way, the Old Testament is the story of all people. And this story centers on salvation.

Direct prophecy is one of the ways the Old Testament story centers on salvation.

For example, “He was pierced for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his wounds we are healed.” (Isaiah 53:5)

Another prophetic way the Old Testament story centers on salvation is typology. Biblical typology uses real historical events as a picture that foreshadowed what was to take place in the future. It’s all over the Old Testament, yet it is frequently missed today.

One of the most famous typological stories often goes unnoticed as far as its typology.

The story of David and Goliath.

During a time when the Israelites and Philistines were at war with one another, an enormous man named Goliath went out to the battle line and challenged any Israelite to defeat him. But the soldiers feared Goliath.

David witnessed these events, and filled with courage, declared that he would defeat the giant. Using his sling as his weapon of choice, he gathered five smooth stones. Then he went out to Goliath.

Goliath tried to intimidate David. However, David replied, “I come to you in the name of the Lord of hosts… This day the Lord will deliver you into my hand… For the battle is the Lord’s, and he will give you into our hand.” (1 Samuel 17:45-47)

The two ran toward each other, David grabbed a stone, slung it, and nailed the giant’s forehead, dropping him to the ground. Then he took Goliath’s sword and finished the battle.

Now, many would contend that the point of the story is to encourage people to grab their metaphorical slings and kill their metaphorical Goliaths.

I don’t believe that’s the point at all. The story points to Jesus.

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